What are Orthobiologics for the Knee?
Use of orthobiologics to treat knee injuries or conditions is known as orthobiologics for the knee.
Orthobiologics are natural substances such as cells, tissue, blood components, and growth factors that are used to aid in the treatment of orthopedic injuries or conditions. They may be used to replace lost tissue, stimulate regeneration, accelerate healing, reduce pain and inflammation, and improve joint function. They are mostly obtained from your own body or sometimes from a donor and may be administered in the form of injections or may require a surgical procedure. Orthobiologics may be used alone as conservative treatment or following orthopedic surgery to enhance results.
When are Orthobiologics for the Knee Indicated?
Orthobiologics for the knee are indicated for the treatment of knee injuries and conditions, such as:
- Articular cartilage injuries
- Early osteoarthritis
- Ligament injuries
- Tendon injuries
Orthobiologics are usually recommended when rest, medications and physical therapy do not relieve symptoms and joint replacement surgery is not indicated.
Types of Orthobiologics
Some of the types of orthobiologics that we employ for knee treatments include:
- Platelet-rich plasma (PRP): PRP is obtained from your own blood after it has been processed to concentrate platelets and certain white blood cells that enhance healing and reduce inflammation. PRP may be injected directly into the damaged tissue during an outpatient procedure or following repair surgery.
- Cartilage Restoration: Articular cartilage is the white tissue lining the ends of bones that form joints. It acts as cushioning material and helps in the smooth gliding of bones during movement. Knee cartilage restoration is a surgical technique to repair damaged articular cartilage in the knee joint by stimulating new growth of cartilage or by transplanting cartilage into areas with defects in order to relieve pain and restore normal function to the knee.
Procedure Involved with Orthobiologics for the Knee
Administration of orthobiologics for the knee is typically performed through an injection of the orthobiologics into the knee. During the procedure, you will be seated or will lie on your back with the affected knee flexed or extended. The skin over the injection site is sterilized and numbed with a local anesthetic. The injection containing the orthobiologics is inserted into the affected knee. In some cases, ultrasound imaging is used to help guide the needle to the correct site.
Postoperative care will include the following instructions:
- Avoid strenuous activities for a couple of days.
- Apply ice on the injection site for comfort.
- Rest, elevation, and medicines are recommended to relieve pain and swelling.
- Gentle range of motion exercises is recommended.
Risks and Complications
Orthobiologics for the knee is a relatively safe procedure; however, as with any procedure, there may be some complications, such as:
- Nerve damage
- Blood clots